A genus of plants with over 500 different species, the veronica plant, native to North America, Asia and Europe, is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and especially in rocky areas.
Veronica is an evergreen plant easy to grow, it can give our garden, between May and October, a little ‘color with small flowers or a series of colorful ears full of flowers white, blue or purple depending on the variety.
Veronica plant: characteristics
The Veronica is a kind of angiosperm plants belonging to the family of Plantaginaceae, composed, as we mentioned, of about 500 different species between annual and perennial.
Let’s see which are the most common species of Veronica cultivated as ornamental plants and the main characteristics.
Veronica chamaedrys is a perennial herbaceous plant easy to find in wooded clearings rich in nitrogenous substances, where it grows spontaneously. It reaches a height of 10 to 40 cm, blooms between May and June, and its small blue-blue flowers have a size ranging between 1-1.5 cm with darker veins.
Common in the grassy areas and woods of Europe and western Siberia, Veronica spicata is also an evergreen perennial plant. It blooms from June-July with terminal racemes and small flowers with blue-violet corolla (more rarely pink or white). Its dark green leaves are opposite, lanceolate and crenate.
It grows like a dense compact bush, reaching a maximum height of about 60-70 cm. Very rustic and therefore easy to cultivate, it loves very sunny places but also grows well in semi-shady ones. It loves loose soils, well drained and fertile, the regular and frequent watering in the period of intense heat are reduced in the periods of vegetative rest.
The propagation and the multiplication of this plant may take place by division of tufts and by sowing. In the first case, the division of the tufts is to be done in autumn, whilst the sowing is to be done in the spring.
Veronica persica is the scientific name of the common Veronica, it can reach a height ranging from 5 to 50 cm. Unlike the first two, Veronica persica is an annual herbaceous plant. Equipped with prostrate or ascending stem, little branched.
The leaves, alternately arranged in opposite ways and briefly petiolate, have an elongated oval shape with a slight layer of hair on both sides, the edges are markedly serrated.
The flowers, terminal and very long racemes, composed by 10-30 small flowers, are separated from the foliar part and are hermaphrodite and tetracyclic. Of a light blue colour, the flowers of the Veronica persica have a particularity, in fact, they do not open in sunny days.
The flowering period of the Veronica persica varies from January to December, so in particular favorable conditions accompanies us all year round with its colorful flowers.
Last curiosity about Veronica
The Veronica, as we have said, is a kind of plant, and its name probably derives from the dedication of the flower to Saint Veronica, protector of France.